微信公众平台java开发详解(工程代码+解析)

作者:匿名 hihi 来源: 浏览: 2014-8-21 15:15:23 字号:
[摘要]本文对微信公众平台开发者模式进行了详细的讲解,并对主要代码进行讲解分析,让初学者尽快上手。
  本次的教程主要是对微信公众平台开发者模式的讲解,网络上很多类似文章,但很多都让初学微信开发的人一头雾水,所以总结自己的微信开发经验,将微信开发的整个过程系统的列出,并对主要代码进行讲解分析,让初学者尽快上手。

  在阅读本文之前,应对微信公众平台的官方开发文档有所了解,知道接收和发送的都是xml格式的数据。另外,在做内容回复时用到了图灵机器人的api接口,这是一个自然语言解析的开放平台,可以帮我们解决整个微信开发过程中最困难的问题,此处不多讲,下面会有其详细的调用方式。

  1.1 在登录微信官方平台之后,开启开发者模式,此时需要我们填写url和token,所谓url就是我们自己服务器的接口,用WechatServlet.java来实现,相关解释已经在注释中说明,代码如下:

package demo.servlet;  

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import demo.process.WechatProcess;
/**
* 微信服务端收发消息接口
*
* @author pamchen-1
*
*/
public class WechatServlet extends HttpServlet {

/**
* The doGet method of the servlet. <br>
*
* This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to get.
*
* @param request
* the request send by the client to the server
* @param response
* the response send by the server to the client
* @throws ServletException
* if an error occurred
* @throws IOException
* if an error occurred
*/
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");

/** 读取接收到的xml消息 */
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
InputStream is = request.getInputStream();
InputStreamReader isr = new InputStreamReader(is, "UTF-8");
BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(isr);
String s = "";
while ((s = br.readLine()) != null) {
sb.append(s);
}
String xml = sb.toString(); //次即为接收到微信端发送过来的xml数据

String result = "";
/** 判断是否是微信接入激活验证,只有首次接入验证时才会收到echostr参数,此时需要把它直接返回 */
String echostr = request.getParameter("echostr");
if (echostr != null && echostr.length() > 1) {
result = echostr;
} else {
//正常的微信处理流程
result = new WechatProcess().processWechatMag(xml);
}

try {
OutputStream os = response.getOutputStream();
os.write(result.getBytes("UTF-8"));
os.flush();
os.close();
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

/**
* The doPost method of the servlet. <br>
*
* This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to
* post.
*
* @param request
* the request send by the client to the server
* @param response
* the response send by the server to the client
* @throws ServletException
* if an error occurred
* @throws IOException
* if an error occurred
*/
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
doGet(request, response);
}

}

  1.2 相应的web.xml配置信息如下,在生成WechatServlet.java的同时,可自动生成web.xml中的配置。前面所提到的url处可以填写例如:http;//服务器地址/项目名/wechat.do

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<web-app version="2.5"
xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">
<servlet>
<description>This is the description of my J2EE component</description>
<display-name>This is the display name of my J2EE component</display-name>
<servlet-name>WechatServlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>demo.servlet.WechatServlet</servlet-class>
</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>WechatServlet</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/wechat.do</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

  1.3 通过以上代码,我们已经实现了微信公众平台开发的框架,即开通开发者模式并成功接入、接收消息和发送消息这三个步骤。

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